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FAQ ON UNIVERSITIES & DEGREES: ACCREDITATION, RECOGNITION, RANKINGS & OTHERS

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Old 22-02-2003, 11:12 AM   #1
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Exclamation FAQ ON UNIVERSITIES & DEGREES: ACCREDITATION, RECOGNITION, RANKINGS & OTHERS

University Accreditation Bodies In Ireland, UK, USA and Australia

There are a lot of talk on whether a certain University or Institution is recognized or not. So for the benefit of everybody, I've compiled a list of the accreditation bodies in Ireland, UK, USA and Australia.

As long as the University or Institution is recognized by these bodies, you can be assured that the degrees they offered are genuine and not a useless piece of paper.

Please note that accreditation can only certify that the degree you have is real. But whether an employer accepts that degree to employ you or not is entirely up to the employer's discretion.


A) For Universities, Institutions and Colleges in the United Kingdoms

The web site lists down the degree-awarding educational institutions in UK that are recognized by the UK Government, the Department for Education and Skills (DFES).

UK Government - Department for Education and Skills Recognized Degrees


B) For Universities, Institutions and Colleges in the United States of America

There are 6 Regional Accreditation Agencies, each in charge of the educational institutions within their respective regions in the United States. Accrediatation by any of these 6 Regional Agencies is considered as recognition by the United States Government. Besides these 6 accreditation agencies that oversee universities in their respective regions, the other significant accreditation body in the United States is the DETC, which accredits schools, colleges and universities that deliver their courses primarily through distance education.

1) Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools

2) New England Association of Schools and Colleges

3) North Central Association of Schools and Colleges

4) Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges

5) Southern Association of Colleges and Schools

6) Western Association of Schools and Colleges

7) Distance Education and Training Council


C) For Universities, Institutions and Colleges in Australia

The web site lists down the educational institutions that are recognized by the Australian Commonwealth Government.

Australian Qualifications Framework


D) For Universities, Institutions and Colleges in Ireland

The Higher Education Authority is the equivalent of the Ministry of Education in Ireland.

In the website you can find a list of the Irish universities and colleges.


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Accreditation for USA, UK and European Business Schools and MBAs.

For the benefit of those who're looking for a MBA or an undergraduate education in business and management.

A) For UK and European Universities:

There're two types of accreditations - accreditation for the MBA courses, and accreditation for the Universities' business schools.

1) For accreditation for their MBAs courses, it comes mainly from AMBA (Association of MBAs).

Examples of accredited MBA programs of AMBA are:

Bradford University School of Management
Imperial College Management School
INSEAD The European Institute of Business Administration
University of Bath School of Management
Judge Institute of Management - University of Cambridge
Henley Management College
Warwick Business School

2) For accreditation of their business schools, it comes from EQUIS (European Quality Improvement System).

Examples of accredited business schools of EQUIS are:

Bradford University School of Management
Henley Management College
INSEAD
Open University Business School
Stockholm University, School of Business
Rotterdam School of Management - Erasmus University Rotterdam
London Business School

B) For USA Universities:

There's two types of accreditations - regional accreditation for Universities, and accreditation for the Universities' business schools.

For regional accreditation of the Universities, there're 6 regional accrediation associations, all are considered equal to one another.

1) Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools
2) New England Association of Schools and Colleges
3) North Central Association of Schools and Colleges
4) Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges
5) Southern Association of Colleges and Schools
6) Western Association of Schools and Colleges

For accreditation of the Universities' business schools and programs, there are 2 main accrediting bodies ->

1. AACSB (Association To Advance Collegiate Schools of Business).

2. ACBSP (Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs).

Both organizations had received recognition from CHEA (Council for Higher Education Accreditation).

AACSB is for the large national-level universities with focus on research, and courses from Bachelor up till Doctoral degrees.

Examples of accredited universities of AACSB are:

Arizona State University
University of Arkansas
Harvard University
California State University, Fullerton
Yale University
Univerity of California, Los Angeles
University of Chicago

ACBSP is for the small and mid-size universities and 2-years colleges with focus on teaching, and courses from Associate up to Master degrees and in rare cases, Doctoral degrees.

Examples of acceditated universities and colleges of ACBSP are:

California State University, Dominguez Hills
Texas A&M University, Kingsville
State University of New York, Morrisville
Oklahoma City University
University of Indiana
Orange County Community College
Virginia Western Community College.

Note: Being a member of these 2 accrediting bodies do not means that the university or college had achieved accreditation.


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University Rankings

A) USA:

U.S. News America's Best Colleges

B) UK:

The Sunday Times University Guide

The Times Good University Guide

C) Australia:

The Good Guides

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More Information On UK Universities

The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA):

Established in 1997, QAA was formed as an independent body to assess the quality of the various UK unversities and the degree programs they offer. You can even find audit reports of distance-learning UK degree programs that are offered in Singapore.

Higher Education & Research Opportunities in The United Kingdom (HERO):

HERO is the internet portal for showcasing the diversity and quality of research and higher education in the UK. Its member oirganisations consist of various governmental and private education & research agencies.

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Recognized Engineering Degrees From Overseas Universities by PEB, Singapore

The Professional Engineers Board, Singapore has a list of qualifications from UK and other countries that're recognized by the Government of Singapore for registration as a Professional Engineer in Singapore.

Professional Engineers Board, Singapore (PEB) is a statutory board in the Ministry of National Development. PEB was established since 1971 under the Professional Engineers Act.

Look here for the list of recognized engineering qualifications:

Professional Engineers Board Singapore
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Last edited by JAYAN; 24-11-2006 at 06:24 PM..
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Old 24-11-2006, 06:23 PM   #2
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The Differences Between A Franchised Degree and A Validated Degree

1) Franchised Degree:

Some degree programs are available both through distance-learning and on campus. These are called franchised degrees, because like the McDonald's franchises, the Big Mac (in this case the degree program) are the same anywhere in the World.

The titles of the degrees and the syllabus are virtually the same (although sometimes there are slight modifications in syllabus to cater to local conditions) as the ones awarded on-campus. These are the degrees directly awarded by an university.

2) Validated Degree:

Others degree programs are only available in local or overseas partner institutions and not on campus. The reason is because the partner institutions designed the syllabus and send it to the university for approval.

The university will then assess if the syllabus is up to the university's standard (i.e. validation) and grant the partner institutions approval to offer the programs under the university's name. The degree titles from such programs may not be the same or available as the ones on campus. These are the degrees validated and awarded by an university.


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How The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) In American Universities And Colleges Works?

Most (not all) American universities and colleges use a 4-points CGPA system; GPA means Grade Point Average (for a single course or module), and CGPA means Cumulative Grade Point Average (overall GPA for entire degree program). The grades available and their respective GPAs are:

A -> 4 (90% ~ 100%)
B -> 3 (80% ~ 89%)
C -> 2 (70% ~ 79%)
D -> 1 (60% ~ 69%)
F -> 0 (0% ~ 59%)

Most institutions have some forms of plus (+) and minus (-) grades, which are usually 0.25 or 0.33 points more or lesser than the base GPAs e.g. if B = 3.0, B- = 2.75 or 2.66, and B+ = 3.25 or 3.33. It is also possible for the A+ grade to have a GPA higher than 4.0 i.e. 4.25 or 4.33, although the maximum possible CGPA on a 4-points scale is still 4.0/4.0.

To calculate CGPA, take the course's GPA and multiply by the number of credit hours of that course, then divide by the total number of credit hours attempted. For example:

Subject A -> B-, 3 credit hours
Subject B -> C+, 4 credit hours
Subject C -> A, 2 credit hours

CGPA = [(2.75 * 3) + (2.25 * 4) + (4 * 2)] / 9 = (8.75 + 9 + 8) / 9 = 2.806.

The minimum CGPA needed for graduation purpose for an undergarduate (Bachelor) degree is 2.0/4.0; for post graduate (Master and Doctor) degrees, it is 3.0/4.0.
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MBA in International Business & Marketing, Oklahoma City University
BSc (Hons) in Business & Management Studies, University of Bradford
Specialist Diploma in Facility Management, Ngee Ann Polytechnic
Specialist Diploma in Hospitality & Resort Management, Nanyang Polytechnic


MA in Southeast Asian Studies, National University of Singapore
Specialist Diploma in Molecular Biotechnology, Ngee Ann Polytechnic
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